A business loan may be a lifesaver. Taking out a business loan can be useful in tough situations, improve your cash flow, and expand your company.
When applying for a business loan, there are several standard company loan criteria to keep in mind.
In this article, we will go over the basics of requirements for a business loan to check if you’re eligible or not.
- Business loan eligibility requirements
- Get The Loan Comparison Calculator
- Frequently Asked Questions
Business loan eligibility requirements
1. Annual total revenue and profit of a firm
Lenders frequently have minimum yearly income requirements and, in certain cases, strict monthly revenue limits.
To evaluate the earnings of your firm, a lender will want bank statements and income tax returns.
You may upload your bank statements manually or let a lender access your bank records and verify them if any exist.
Some lenders may also request your profit and loss statements to assess whether you have enough positive cash flow to meet your obligations.
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2. Lower debt-to-income ratios prove you’re going to repay
Lenders will consider your debt-to-income ratio to see if you can afford to borrow more money.
Your debt-to-income ratio assesses your monthly credit obligations against your total income.
The debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is the proportion of your monthly debt to your gross annual income.
For example, If you owe $20,000 and make $30,000 per month, your DTI ratio is 50%.
The higher your ratio, the greater your chance of defaulting on payments.
Although lender-specific minimum debt to income ratios vary, maintaining a DTI ratio below 43% is advised.
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3. Time in Business matters for lenders to show trust
Those that have been in operation for a longer amount of time are more likely to obtain a loan.
Most standard lenders demand that you have at least 2 years of operating history, however, the length of time required varies.
To be eligible for an online loan, most lenders demand that applicants have been in business for at least 6 months to a year.
However, the necessity for these licenses varies slightly depending on the sort of business financing.
For example, a bank may want you to have been in business for only 3 years and use invoice factoring, which involves selling past-due invoices to a factor.
4. Having good business and personal credit scores is crucial
A lender will frequently check both your personal and business credit ratings when assessing your financial stability before offering you a company loan.
Even if your credit is terrible, having a high score (or your cosigner) may help you secure a lower borrowing rate when applying for a loan.
The finest personal credit score depends on the credit scoring model a lender uses and its own requirements.
The average FICO score is about 700. The range of FICO scores ranges from 300 to 850, with scores below 580 considered poor and scores above 670 considered acceptable.
While minimum credit score requirements differ, some online lenders will accept applicants with personal credit scores as low as 500.
However, a traditional lender such as a bank may demand you to have at least a 680 score.
What constitutes a high or low business credit score varies depending on the credit scoring model utilized by a lender.
The Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) is one of the most popular business credit scoring models, with scores ranging from 0 to 100.
A credit score of 80 to 100 is ideal, a company credit rating below 49 is terrible.
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5. Coverage ratio for debt-service payments
Some lenders consider the debt-service coverage ratio, which compares your company’s yearly net operating income to its total annual debt.
Another name for earnings before interest, taxes, exclusions and amortization (EBITDA) is annual net operating income.
Divide your company’s EBITDA by its total yearly debt to determine your DSCR.
If the EBITDA is $100,000 and the total yearly debt is $60,000, the DSCR is 1.66 ($100,000/$60,000).
If your company has an EBITDA to Interest Coverage Ratio (EBIT/Interest) of more than 1, the lender will be more confident in its ability to pay back loans.
DSCR requirements differ from lender to lender, but most U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) loans need a DSCR of 1.15.
6. Consider having collateral for your unsecured loan
Both unsecured and secured business loans are available from lenders.
Lenders want to make sure you have something of value, such as accounts receivable, that they can seize if you don’t repay the loan.
Keep in mind: Collateral requirements differ based on your loan.
You can borrow money to acquire a company asset, such as equipment, a business vehicle, or commercial real estate.
In this case, the asset you acquired is your collateral. This implies that if you buy a company printer, it will be used as collateral.
Many finance companies will also want you to sign a personal guarantee, which means you’ll be responsible for paying back the loan with your own money should the company go bankrupt.
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7. Your business plan is essential to get accepted
Lenders may request that you submit a business plan, especially if you’re starting out. The following are some examples of business plans:
- Projections of the financial situation.
- What is the purpose of these funds?
- Industry forecast.
- Analysis of the current competition.
The lender will want to know how you intend to use the funds, as well as a 5-year forecast of cash flow, revenue, and expenses.
Check out the SBA’s website for sample business plans if you’re having difficulties developing a company plan.
Frequently Asked Questions
Those who have been making a profit for the previous two years in their business. The company should have the Lowest Annual Revenue Limit of $50,000. At the time of loan application, the applicant should be at least 24 years old and no older than 70 years old at the conclusion of the loan term.
You must be at least 24 years old but no more than 70 to qualify. When it comes to applying for a company loan, your CIBIL score and financial records are just as crucial.
Mathew is a financial writer with more than 3 years of experience educating his readers to achieve their financial goals. I begin by first understanding an individual or organization’s current income/expenditures and financial aspirations. Then, I suggest loan options, most suited to their goals