When it comes to repaying your college debt, choosing the correct student loan might make all the difference.
If you’re undecided about which loan to get, go for one with a low-interest rate, several repayment alternatives, and borrower protections.
In this post, we’ll help you pick the right student loan for college in addition to the FAQ.
- The Different Types of Federal Student Loans Available
- Pros and Cons of Federal Student Loans
- How to Get a Federal Student Loan
- How To Accept a Federal Loan
- How To Pick a Private Student Loan
- How to Get a Private Student Loan (Step-by-Step)
- How Do Student Loan Interest Rates Work?
- How Much Should You Borrow for Student Loans?
- Frequently Asked Questions
The Different Types of Federal Student Loans Available
Direct federal loans are divided into 3 categories:
- Subsidized Direct Loans: These loans are only available to students who have proven financial need. Interest isn’t charged throughout the school year or during deferral periods, and payments aren’t due until 6 months after you graduate.
- Unsubsidized Direct Loans: These loans do not require proof of financial need. The amount you can borrow is determined by the cost of attendance and financial help. Even during deferment periods, interest is charged and added to the principal, or the amount of your loan that has been disbursed. You can postpone payments until 6 months after you graduate.
- PLUS Loans (Direct PLUS): These are unsubsidized credit-based loans for graduate or professional students (Grad PLUS loans) and parents of dependent undergraduates (parent PLUS loans).
Pros and Cons of Federal Student Loans
- Federal student loans are available to the majority of students. No credit check is required. You won’t need a co-signer, which is common with private loans.
- Federal loans provide lower interest rates than private loans for the majority of customers.
- If you are eligible for subsidized loans, take advantage of them first. Because the government covers the interest while you’re in school, they’re the cheapest alternative.
- Fixed interest rates: The interest rate on federal loans is fixed, which means it will never vary.
- If federal borrowers are having difficulty repaying their debt, they have more options for reducing or pausing payments.
- You are only allowed to borrow a certain amount of money. Freshmen can borrow up to $5,500, while third-year students can borrow up to $7,500.
- If you don’t make any payments on your loan for 270 days, the government can remove all of your tax refunds, as well as a portion of your salary or Social Security income.
How to Get a Federal Student Loan
Begin by filling out the FAFSA, or Free Application for Federal Student Aid.
To be eligible for federal loans or scholarships, you must complete them each year.
Your FAFSA is sent to the schools you apply to by the federal government.
Your financial aid package is determined by each school’s financial aid office, which will give you a financial aid award letter.
Gift aid such as free grants and scholarships, work-study, and any loans you’re eligible for will be detailed in the letter.
Before taking out federal loans, take advantage of all available free help and work-study opportunities. You could check our 8 FASFA secrets.
How To Accept a Federal Loan
If you accept federal loans, you must sign a master promissory note outlining the terms of the loans and complete a brief online loan counseling session.
The money is subsequently sent from the federal government to your college, which finally sends it to you.
If you have a loan credit on your school account, it means you took out more loans than you required for tuition.
You may also like: Do Student Loans Affect Credit Score While Still In School
How To Pick a Private Student Loan
When government aid and family contributions are insufficient to pay all of your expenses, you may need to take out private loans to make up the difference.
Compare private loans from a variety of lenders, such as banks, credit unions, and online marketplaces.
Consider fees, interest rates, and payback terms, as well as payment stop choices if you run into financial difficulties.
Because of the lack of credit, most private student loan borrowers will need to apply with a co-signer. According to Hendrickson, this could be beneficial to you.
Your co-signer is just as responsible for repaying your loan as you are.
Look for a private lender that offers a co-signer release, which will free your co-signer after a certain number of payments.
How to Get a Private Student Loan (Step-by-Step)
- Contact the financial aid office at your institution: Most lenders want a letter from the school stating that you require additional financial assistance to afford the cost of attendance.
- Recruit a co-signer: Unless the borrower has a good credit history, most private student loans need one. Consider loans that allow you to remove your co-signer after a set number of on-time payments.
- Look for cheaper interest rates and flexible repayment: Multiple credit applications, often known as “hard inquiries” might lower your credit score. To minimize the impact, strive to finish all applications in 2 weeks.
- Use cash instead of a credit card: It can be a considerably more costly method of funding your education. Credit cards lack the flexible repayment options and borrower protections that federal student loans give.
Bonus: Best Private Student Loan In 2022
How Do Student Loan Interest Rates Work?
The amount of interest charged on a loan is the sum of all payments made to pay down the debt. It’s usually stated as an annual percentage of the loan amount.
The interest rate charged to a borrower might be simple or compound.
A loan’s simple interest is calculated primarily on the amount borrowed (the amount you took out first).
For example, if a student borrows $30,000 and pays a 5% yearly interest rate, the simple interest owed after a year is $1,500 ($30,000 x 0.05).
Compound interest, which is calculated on the full loan amount, including both principal and accumulated but unpaid interest, is calculated using the total loan amount (interest charged to the loan but not yet paid).
The increased loan sum is $45,500 ($30,000 + $1,500), with interest accrued in year two being $2,275 ($45,500 x 0.05).
How Much Should You Borrow for Student Loans?
To avoid taking on too much debt, borrow an amount that will keep your monthly payments at 10% of your estimated post-college salary.
Frequently Asked Questions
Marie got her journalism degree from the University of California and is an award-winning financial journalist, who’s responsible for collecting and analyzing information concerning students and young adults within the world of finance.
Marie has spent her career with more than 5 years writing for unique media outlets like Yahoo finance, GoBankingRates, and CNBC. She also teaches them how to plan strategically to get out of loan debts easily.
Her goal is to educate students about the different stages in life that involve finances so they can get their money’s worth.